List of Norse gods and goddesses

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of Norse gods and goddesses that are in Norse mythology. Divided between the Æsir and the Vanir, and sometimes including the jötnar (giants), the dividing line between these groups is less than clear. However, it is usually accepted that the Æsir (including Óðinn, Þór and Týr) were warrior gods, while the Vanir (mainly Njörður, Freyja and Freyr) were fertility gods. Various other groups of beings, including elves, dwarves and jötnar were probably minor gods, and might have had small cults and sacred places devoted to them.

The gods and their functions[change | change source]

Major gods[change | change source]

  • Baldur - God of beauty, innocence, peace, and rebirth. Consort: Nanna. Dead, Killed by Loki, who tricked his blind brother Hodr into killing him with a spear of mistletoe. His death began Ragnarok.
  • Borr - Father of Óðinn, Vili and Ve. Consort: Bestla
  • Bragi - God of poetry, music and the harp. Consort: Iðunn. Dead, killed in the Dwarven tusk boar battle at Ragnarok.
  • Búri - Ruler of Prehistory, the first god and father of Borr.
  • Dagur - God of the daytime, son of Delling and Nótt.
  • Delling - God of dawn and father of Dagur by Nótt.
  • Eir - Goddess of healing.
  • Ēostre - Goddess of spring.
  • Elli - Goddess of old age.
  • Forseti - God of justice, peace and truth. Son of Baldr and Nanna.
  • Freyja - Goddess of love, fertility, and battle. Consort: Óður.
  • Freyr - God of fertility. Consort: Gerð. Dead, killed by Surtr in Ragnarok.
  • Frigg - Goddess of marriage and motherhood. Consort: Óðinn. Can also be pronounced "Frigga".
  • Fulla - Frigg´s handmaid.
  • Gefjun - Goddess of fertility and plough.
  • Hel - Queen of Helheim, the Norse underworld.
  • Heimdallur - One of the Æsir and guardian of Ásgarð, their realm.
  • Hermóður - The heroic son of Odin.Tried to rescue Baldur.
  • Hlín - Goddess of consolation and protection.
  • Höðr - God of winter. Killed by Vali.
  • Hœnir - The silent god.
  • Iðunn - Goddess of youth. Consort: Bragi.
  • Jörð - Goddess of the Earth. Mother of Þórr by Óðinn.
  • Kvasir - God of inspiration. Killed by Dwarves.
  • Lofn - Goddess of forbidden loves.
  • Loki - Trickster and god of mischief . Consort: Sigyn (also called Saeter). Killed by Heimdallur.
  • Magni - god of strength. Son of Thor.
  • Máni - God of Moon.
  • Mímir - Óðinn´s uncle. Decapitated by Vanir.
  • Nanna - Goddess of joy and peace, an Ásynja married with Baldr and mother to Forseti. Died because of Baldur's death.
  • Nerþus - A goddess mentioned by Tacitus. Her name is connected to that of Njörðr.
  • Njörður - God of sea, wind, fish, and wealth. Killed in Ragnarok.
  • Nótt - Goddess of night, daughter of Narvi and mother of Auð, Jörð and Dagur by Naglfari, Annar and Delling, respectively.
  • Óðinn - The "All Father" God of war, associated to wisdom, poetry, and magic (The Ruler of the gods). Swallowed by Fenrir.
  • Sága - An obscure goddess, possibly another name for Frigg.
  • Rán - Goddess of the sea.
  • Sif - Wife of Thor. Goddess of harvest.
  • Sjöfn - Goddess of love.
  • Skaði - Goddess of winter; Njörðr's wife.
  • Snotra - Goddess of prudence.
  • Sol (Sunna) - Goddess of Sun. Swallowed by Skoll.
  • Thor - son of Óðinn God of thunder and battle. Consort: Sif. Killed by Jormungandr.
  • Thruer - daughter of Thor and Sif.
  • Týr - God of war. Also the god of the skies. Killed by Garm.
  • Ullr - God of ski/winter, hunt, and duel. Son of Sif.
  • Váli - God of revenge.
  • Vár - Goddess of contract.
  • - One of the three gods of creation. Brother of Óðinn and Vili.
  • Víðarr - God of the forest, revenge and silence.
  • Vör - Goddess of wisdom.
  • Yggdrasil - Goddess of life. Tree of life. Connects the 9 worlds.

Lesser figures[change | change source]

Lists of Norse gods and goddesses contained in the Prose Edda[change | change source]

Gods[change | change source]

Gylfaginning (20-34) Skáldskaparmál (1) Þula

Goddesses[change | change source]

Gylfaginning (35) Skáldskaparmál (1) Thula

Pseudo-Norse gods and goddesses[change | change source]

Some characters sometimes presented as Norse deities do not occur in the ancient sources.

  • Astrild (Actually a synonym for Amor and Cupid invented and used by Nordic Baroque and Rococo authors. Might be confused with Freyja.)
  • Jofur (Actually a synonym for Jupiter invented and used by Nordic Baroque and Rococo authors. Might be confused with Thor.)

The following pseudo-deities are presented in Encyclopedia Mythica as Norse.

  • Brono (Claimed to be the god of daylight and the son of Baldr. Original source unknown. Might be confused with Dagr or Forseti.)
  • Geirrendour (Claimed to be the father of the billow maidens. Original source unknown. Might be confused with Ægir.)
  • Glúm (Claimed to be an attendant of Frigg. Source unknown.)
  • Laga (Claimed to be the goddess of wells and springs. May be the same as Laha, a Celtic goddess of wells and springs.)