Louis XVII of France
|Louis in 1792, portrait by Alexander Kucharsky|
|Reign||21 January 1793 – 8 June 1795 (claimant)|
|Successor||Napoleon I de facto in 1804
Louis XVIII de jure in 1814
|Louis Charles de France|
|Father||Louis XVI of France|
|Born||27 March 1785
Palace of Versailles, France
|Died||8 June 1795
Louis Charles de France was born at the Palace of Versailles. He was the second son and third child of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. He became Dauphin of France after the death of his elder brother in 1789.
After his father's death, he was proclaimed "King of France" while exiled with his mother. In 1795, he died of unknown causes during the French Revolution. An autopsy was carried out at the prison. Following a tradition of preserving royal hearts, his heart was smuggled out. It was preserved by the examining physician, Philippe-Jean Pelletan.
Louis-Charles's body was buried in a mass grave. Dr. Pelletan was also shocked at all the scars from abuses of the child, such as whipping, all over the front and back of his torso as well as on his arms, legs, and feet.