Junkers Ju 87

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Ju 87
Ju 87Ds in October 1943
Role Dive bomber
Manufacturer Junkers
Designer Hermann Pohlmann
First flight 17 September 1935
Introduction 1936
Retired 1945 (Luftwaffe)
Primary users Luftwaffe
Regia Aeronautica
Royal Romanian Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
Number built Estimated 6,500[a]

The Junkers Ju 87 or Ju 87 was a German light bomber of World War II. It was used like a dive bomber[1]. Its crew was a pilot with a navigator behind him. He also handled the mobile machine gun. The Ju 87 could drop 500 kg of bombs. Some Ju-87 were modified for attack against tanks. It was built at more than 6 500 ex.

Its universally known like Stuka,[2] abbreviation of Sturzkampfflugzeug, German translation of dive bomber.

History[change | change source]

The plane was designed by Hermann Pohlmann. It has first flight 17 September 1935. The first time it was used in battle was 1936 during the Spanish Civil War. Junkers Ju 87 attacked Guernica.

In World War II, Ju-87 were used for bombing against Poland, and after against Belgium, Netherlands, France, and Greece. By the Battle of Britain Junkers Ju87 were used to attack[3] Dover, Folkestone and other harbours of the English Channel. This aircraft was very famous for its siren whose whistling panicked people. Many Ju-87 were used in the Soviet Union against Soviet troops. In the Battle of Stalingrad, they were used to bomb the town.

Similar aircraft[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Eisenbach, Hans Peter (2009). Fronteinsa¨tze eines Stuka-Fliegers Mittelmeer und Ostfront 1943 - 44. Helios, Aachen. ISBN 9783938208960.
  • Mondey, David (1996). Axis Aircraft of World War II. Chancellor Press, London. ISBN 1851529667.