Difference between revisions of "L118 Light Gun"

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Gun, 105mm, Field, L118
Brazilian Army equipment on display for Soldier's Day 2010-08-29 5.jpg
A Brazilian L118.
TypeTowed howitzer
Place of origin United Kingdom
Production history
Producedfrom 1975
Specifications
Mass1,858 kg (4,096 lb)
Length8.8 m (28 ft 10 in)
Width1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Height2.13 m (7 ft)
Crew6 (normal), 4 (reduced)

Calibre105 mm (4.1 in)
Rate of fire6-8 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocitymaximum 708 m/s (2,320 ft/s)
Maximum firing range17,200 m (18,800 yd)

The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer. It was first made for the British Army] in the 1970s. It has been moved around the globe ever since, including to the United States, where a changed version of the L118 is known as the M119A1. The official name for the L118 is "Gun, 105mm, Field, L118" but it is almost always just called "the Light Gun".

The L118 can be towed by a medium-weight vehicle. It can also be moved around by a Chinook helicopter.[1]

Different types of L118

L119

The L119 has a different barrel. This gives the gun a maximum range of 11,400 metres.[2] In British service, the L119 was used only for training at the Royal School of Artillery. The last British L119s were retired in 2005. However, the L119 is popular with many customers from other countries who still need M1 ammunition.

M119A1

The L119 was changed more and made under a licence for use by the United States Army.

Other types

During the 1970s a third type was developed and had prototypes made. This was for Switzerland and used Swiss ammunition. It did not enter service.

The Indian 105 mm light gun has many features which are similar to the UK equipment. In the late 1960s India brought the Value Engineered Abbot variant into service.

In the 1990s the gun was made under licence in Australia for the Australian and New Zealand armies. These used parts which were mostly made in Australia. In Australian service it is called the Hamel gun.

References

  1. "British Army equipment". British Army. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  2. "Weapons Effects Prediction" (PDF). DSTO Systems Sciences Laboratory. January 2005. p. 3. Retrieved 3 January 2012.

Other websites