The African Plate is a major tectonic plate. It includes much of the continent of Africa, as well as oceanic crust which lies between the continent and various surrounding ocean ridges. Since the continent of Africa includes both the African and the Somali plates, some literature refers to the African Plate as the Nubian Plate to distinguish it from the continent as a whole.
The African Plate's speed is about 2.15 cm (0.85 in) per year. It has been moving over the past 100 million years or so in a general northeast direction. This is drawing it closer to the Eurasian Plate. There is subduction where oceanic crust meets continental crust (in parts of the central and eastern Mediterranean).
References[change | change source]
- Chu D. & Gordon R.G. 1999.. Evidence for motion between Nubia and Somalia along the Southwest Indian ridge journal = Nature. 398. pp. 64-67. doi:10.1038/18014. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v398/n6722/abs/398064a0.html. Retrieved June 2015.
- "Somali Plate". Ashten Sawitsky. Retrieved June 2015. Check date values in:
- Huang, Zhen Shao (1997). "Speed of the continental plates". The Physics Factbook. Glenn Elert. Retrieved February 2017. Check date values in: