Harry F. Byrd, Jr.

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The Honorable
Harry F. Byrd, Jr.
Hbyrdjr.jpg
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
November 12, 1965 – January 3, 1983
Preceded by Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Succeeded by Paul S. Trible, Jr.
Personal details
Born (1914-12-20)December 20, 1914
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Died July 30, 2013(2013-07-30) (aged 98)
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party (Before 1970)
Independent Democrat (1970–2013)
Spouse(s) Gretchen Bigelow Thomson (m. 1941–89)
Children Harry F. Byrd III,
Thomas Byrd,
Beverly Byrd
Residence Harrisonburg, Virginia, U.S.
Alma mater Virginia Military Institute
University of Virginia

Harry Flood Byrd, Jr. (December 20, 1914 – July 30, 2013)[1] was an American politician. He represented Virginia in the United States Senate from 1965 to 1983.

Byrd was born in Winchester, Virginia. He served in the United States Army during World War II from 1941 to 1945.

Byrd is best known for leaving the Democratic Party in 1970 and becoming an Independent, although he continued to support the Democratic Party. He is the son of Harry F. Byrd, Sr., whom he replaced as senator. He retired in 1982.

Byrd died from heart disease at the age of 98 on July 30, 2013.

Early life[change | change source]

Byrd was born on December 20, 1914 in Winchester, Virginia. He studied at the Virginia Military Institute and at the University of Virginia.

Career[change | change source]

Byrd served in the Senate of Virginia from 1948 to November 1965. In November 1965, Byrd's father resigned from the U.S. Senate for health reasons. At Harry, Sr.'s suggestion, Harry, Jr. was appointed to succeed him by Virginia Governor Albertis S. Harrison Jr.. He won a special election as a Democrat to serve the remainder of his father's term in 1966.

Byrd was the first Independent politician to be elected to the U.S. Senate by a majority of the popular vote.[2]

In 1971, Byrd proposed a bill to allow the importation of various metals from Rhodesia. This was called the Byrd Amendment. It went against the position of the President and the United Nations Security Council. They didn't allow most forms of trade or financial exchange with Rhodesia, which had a white-controlled government.[3] The bill passed. It allowed Rhodesia to trade with the U.S. until it was repealed in 1977.[4]

Byrd easily won reelection in 1976. He defeated Democrat Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. The Republicans concentrated in carrying Virginia knstead of running a candidate that year.

Even as a senator, Byrd wrote regular editorial content for his newspapers. His writing mixed journalism and politics. Two months after his death, Byrd left $760,000 in his will to newspaper employees in his hometown of Winchester.[5]

Retirement[change | change source]

Byrd did not run for reelection in 1982. He moved back to his hometown of Winchester. He was succeeded by U.S. Representative Paul S. Trible, Jr.. Trible served only one term and did not seek reelection in 1988.

Personal life[change | change source]

Byrd married Gretchen Bigelow Thomson in 1941. They had three children. Thomson died in 1989. Byrd lived in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Longevity[change | change source]

On October 20, 2009, retired U.S. Senator Clifford P. Hansen died. After that, Byrd was the oldest living former senator[6] until his death in 2013 at the age of 98. Former United States Senator of Massachusetts Edward Brooke became the oldest living former Senator.

Death[change | change source]

On July 30, 2013, Byrd died at his home in Winchester, Virginia. He died from heart disease. He was 98.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Former Sen. Harry Byrd Jr. of Virginia dies". MSN.com. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  2. "Longtime Daily News-Record Publisher, 98, Served Country, State, Community For Decades". DNRonline.com. July 31, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  3. Meredith, Martin. The Past is Another Country. p. 218. 
  4. Elizabeth Schmidt (2003). "Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1 (March 2003), pp. 311-312". JSTOR. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  5. "Senator leaves $760K to newspaper employees". Newsandtech.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  6. Harry F. Byrd, Jr. at Spokeo.com
  7. Former U.S. Sen. Harry F. Byrd Jr. Dies

Other websites[change | change source]