Heads of state of the Gambia

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This is a list of the heads of state of The Gambia, from the independence of The Gambia in 1965 to the present day.

From 1965 to 1970 the head of state under the Gambia Independence Act 1964 was the Queen of The Gambia, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in The Gambia by a Governor-General. The Gambia became a republic in 1970 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by an executive President.

Monarch (1965–1970)[change | change source]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Monarch

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister
Reign start Reign end Time in Office
1 Queen Elizabeth II

(1926–)

Queen Elizabeth II in March 2015.jpg 18 February 1965 24 April 1970 5 years,

66 days

Windsor Jawara

Governor-General[change | change source]

The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in The Gambia and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of The Gambia without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status

     Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government

Governor-General

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister
Took office Left office Time in Office
1 Sir John Paul(1916–2004) No image.png 18 February 1965 9 February 1966 356 days Elizabeth II Jawara
2 Sir Farimang Mamadi Singateh(1912–1977) No image.png 9 February 1966 24 April 1970 4 years

75 days

Elizabeth II Jawara

First Republic (1970–1994)[change | change source]

Under the 1970 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of The Gambia, the President replaced the Monarch as executive head of state. The President was elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice-President served as Acting President.

Status

     Denotes Vice-President acting as President

President

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation

(at time of appointment)

Took office Left office Time in Office
1 Sir Dawda Jawara(1924–2019) Dawda Jawara (1979).jpg 24 April 1970 22 July 1994

(deposed.)

32 years,

40 days

19721977198219871992 People's Progressive Party
2 Kukoi Sanyang (1952 – 18 June 2013) 30 July1981 - 5 Aug 1981 chairman National Revolutionary Council, in rebellion
3 Sir Dawda Jawara

(1924–2019)

5 August 1981 22 July 1994 1982

1987

1992

People's Progressive Party

Military rule (1994–1996)[change | change source]

Colonel Yahya Jammeh led a coup d'état which overthrew President Jawara and his government, all political parties and Parliament were dissolved.

Head of State

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Tenure Military
Took office Left office Time in Office
4 Colonel Yahya Jammeh(1965–) Yahya Jammeh.png 22 July 1994 18 October 1996 2 years,

86 days

Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council

Second Republic (1996–present)[change | change source]

Under the current constitution of the Republic of The Gambia, the President is executive head of state. The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy, the Vice-President will serve as Acting President.

Status

     Denotes Vice-President acting as President

President

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation

(at time of appointment)

Took office Left office Time in Office
(5) Yahya Jammeh(1965–) Yahya Jammeh.png 18 October 1996 21 January 2017 20 years,

94 days

1996200120062011 style="background: Template:Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction/meta/color;" | Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction
6 Adama Barrow(1965–) Adama Barrow, President, Republic of the Gambia - 2018 (cropped).jpg 19 January 2017[1] Incumbent 1 year,

226 days

2016 United Democratic Party

Standards[change | change source]

Living former heads of state[change | change source]

There are three living former Gambian Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II 1965–1970 Queen of The Gambia (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 93)
Dawda Jawara (1979).jpg Sir Dawda Jawara 1970–1994 President of The Gambia (1924-05-16) 16 May 1924 (age 95)
Yahya Jammeh.png Yahya Jammeh 1994–1996

1996–2017

Military ruler

President of The Gambia

(1965-05-25) 25 May 1965 (age 54)

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Presidency was in dispute from 19–21 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]