Properties[change | change source]
It is a liquid that evaporates easily. When it is exposed to light, it turns purple because of iodine. This can be stopped by keeping it with copper. It breaks down when heated to make carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen iodide.
Preparation[change | change source]
It is made by reacting iodine, red phosphorus, and methanol all at the same time. Phosphorus(III) iodide is formed during the reaction. Another way to make it is to react methanol with potassium iodide and some sulfuric acid.
Uses[change | change source]
Safety[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- US EPA: Methyl Iodide (Iodomethane) | Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics Web site | US EPA, accessdate: October 23, 2015