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|Reign||661 – 680|
Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia
|Died||April or May 680 (aged 74-83) |
Damascus, Umayyad Caliphate
|Father||Abu Sufyan ibn Harb|
|Mother||Hind bint Utbah|
Muawiyah I (602-680) was a deeply controversial figure in Islam. He was the nephew of Uthman, and founded the Umayyad dynasty. He was also the rival of Ali.
References[change | change source]
- Press, Oxford University (2010). Caliph and Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-980382-8. Retrieved 2017-03-19.