|Reign||661 – 680|
|Full name||Muˁāwīya ibn ˁAbī Sufyān|
|Died||May 6, 680|
|Father||Abu Sufyan ibn Harb|
|Mother||Hind bint Utbah|
Muawiyah I (602-680) was a deeply controversial figure in Islam. He was the nephew of Uthman, and founded the Umayyad dynasty. He was also the rival of Ali.
References[change | change source]
- Press, Oxford University (2010). Caliph and Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-980382-8. https://books.google.com/?id=EmN8tCx_jR4C&pg=PA10. Retrieved 2017-03-19.