Shang Dynasty

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Shang
Kingdom
c. 1600 BC–c. 1046 BC
Remnants of advanced, stratified societies dating back to the Shang period have been found in the Yellow River Valley.
Capital Yin (modern Anyang)
Languages Old Chinese
Religion Chinese folk religion
Government monarchy
Historical era Bronze Age
 •  Established c. 1600 BC
 •  Zhou conquest c. 1046 BC
Area
 •  1122 BC est.[1] 1,250,000 km2 (480,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Xia dynasty
Zhou dynasty
Today part of  China
This was the Shang kingdom.

The Shang Dynasty (existed from 1600BC - 1046BC) was the second dynasty in China following the Xia dynasty. Most of what we know about the Shang Dynasty is from reading pictures on oracle bones and bronze objects. A dynasty is a series of rulers which are considered to be part of the same family because they are ruling a country(s) over generations. According to tradition, the last Shang king was overthrown in 1046 BC. The succeeding dynasty was called the Zhou Dynasty.

This is an oracle bone. As you can see, it is not actually a bone, it is a rock with important Chinese language carved on it.

Kings[change | change source]

Order # of
years
Rulers
01 29 King Tang of Shang of China
02 02 Da Ding of Shang
03 32 King Bu Bing of Shang of China
04 04 Zhong Ren
05 12 Tai Jia
06 29 Wo Ding
07 25 Tai Geng
08 17 Xiao Jia
09 12 Yong Ji
10 75 Tai Wu
11 11 Zhong Ding
12 15 Wai Ren
13 09 He Dan Jia
14 19 Zu Yi
15 16 Zu Xin
16 20 Wo Jia
17 32 Zu Ding
18 29 Nan Geng
19 07 King Yang Jia
20 28 Pan Geng
21 29 Xiao Xin of Shang
22 21 Xiao Yi of Shang
23 59 Wu Ding
24 12 Geng of Shang
25 20 Zu Jia
26 06 Lin Xin
27 06 Geng Ding
28 35 Wu Yi
29 11 Wen Ding
30 26 Di Yi
31 30 Di Xin

References[change | change source]

  1. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D. (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires and Modern States". Journal of World-Systems Research 12 (2): 219–229. ISSN 1076-156X. http://jwsr.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jwsr/article/view/369. 

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by
Xia dynasty
Dynasties in Chinese history
ca. 1600–ca. 1047 BC
Succeeded by
Zhou Dynasty