Temporal range: Pleistocene
1.8 mya – 11,000 ya
The steppe bison, or steppe wisent (Bison priscus), is an extinct bison. It lived on steppes in Europe, Central Asia, Beringia, and North America during the Quaternary. It is believed that it evolved somewhere in South Asia, That would mean it appeared at about the same time and region as the aurochs, with which its descendants are sometimes confused.
The steppe wisent became extinct in the Pleistocene. It was replaced in Europe by the modern wisent species. It was replaced in America by Bison latifrons, then later Bison antiquus), and finally the modern American bison.
References[change | change source]
- Steppe Bison – Yukon Beringia Interpretive Centre. Beringia.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-31.
- Verkaar E.L.C. et al (2004). "Maternal and paternal lineages in cross-breeding bovine species. Has Wisent a hybrid origin?". Molecular Biology and Evolution 21 (7): 1165–70. doi:10.1093/molbev/msh064. PMID 14739241.
- Dale Guthrie, R (1989). Frozen fauna of the Mammoth steppe: the story of Blue Babe. ISBN 9780226311234. http://books.google.dk/books?id=8ikKezOKRB4C&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false.