Surah Al-Fatihah

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Sura 1 of the Quran
الْفَاتِحَة
Al-Fātiḥah
The Opening
ClassificationMeccan
PositionJuzʼ 1, Hizb 1
No. of verses6 or 7
No. of words25 or 29
No. of letters113 or 139
Al Fatihah - naskh script.jpg

Surah Al-Fatihah (Arabic: سورة الفاتحة) is the first surah of the Muslim religious book, the Qur'an , with 6 verses and 1 ruku. The word Fatiha is derived from the Arabic word "Fathun" which means "opening up". This is a special reward from God. Surah Fatiha, like other Surahs, begins with Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem. Since Surah Al-Fatihah was revealed in Makkah , it is classified as Makkah Surah . Surah Fatiha is also called the Integral Surah because it cannot be broken down. There is no provision for breaking Surah Fatiha.

Transliteration[change | change source]

  1. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
  2. Praise be to God, the Lord of the worlds.
  3. Eternal Merciful, Most Merciful.
  4. Owner of Judgment Day.
  5. We serve only You and seek help only from You.
  6. Give us a straight path.
  7. In the way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed favors, and not in the way of those who are the victims of Thy wrath and astray. (Accept)

Name[change | change source]

The word Fatiha is derived from the Arabic word "Fathun" which means "opening up". It has been named in accordance with the content of this Surah. The one with the help of which a subject, book or thing is inaugurated is called 'Fatiha'. In other words, the word conveys the meaning of introduction and beginning of speech.

There are four other names of this surah in the hadith, one of which is Ummul. However, there are at least 23 titles of this surah in Islamic writing. It is called Saba Masani or the widely read seven verses.

There are several other names for this surah. Such as- Fatihatul Kitab, Ummul Kitab, Suratul-Hamd, Suratus-Salat, As-Sabi'ul Masani.

Time of revelation[change | change source]

This is the first surah of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him). Rather, it is known from reliable narrations of Hadith that this is the first complete Surah revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him). Earlier, only a few isolated verses were revealed. The Al alakba ',' muyyammila 'and' Muddaththiru , etc. are included.

Other websites[change | change source]