Tang Dynasty

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Tang
Tang dynasty c. 700
Capital
Languages Middle Chinese
Religion
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 •  618–626 (first) Emperor Gaozu
 •  626–649 Emperor Taizong
 •  712–756 Emperor Xuanzong
 •  904–907 (last) Emperor Ai
History
 •  Established June 18, 618
 •  Usurped
by Wu Zetian
690–705a
 •  An Lushan Rebellion 755–763b
 •  Abdication in favour of the Later Liang June 1, 907
Area
 •  715[1][2] 5,400,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq mi)
Population
 •  7th century est. 50 million 
 •  9th century est. 80 million 
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sui dynasty
Eastern Turkic Khaganate
Western Turkic Khaganate
Goguryeo
Later Liang
Wu
Wuyue
Min
Former Shu
Khitans
a October 8, 690 – March 3, 705.
b December 16, 755 – February 17, 763.
Tang Dynasty
Tang dynasty (Chinese characters).svg
"Tang dynasty" in Han characters
Chinese 唐朝
Map of China during the Tang Dynasty. In yellow are the territories of China and the area of vassals and allies are in dark yellow.

The Tang Dynasty (Chinese: 唐朝; Pinyin: Táng Cháo) (18 June 6184 June 907) was an imperial dynasty of China that came after the Sui Dynasty and was followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. It was founded by the Li (李) family, who came to power during the fall of the Sui Empire. The dynasty was interrupted for a short time by the Zhou Dynasty (周)[3] (16 October 6903 March 705) founded by Empress Wu Zetian who managed to claim the throne, becoming the first and only Chinese Empress.

The Tang Dynasty, with its capital at Chang'an (today Xi'an), the biggest city in the world at the time, is considered by historians as a high point in Chinese civilization—maybe even greater than the earlier Han Dynasty—as well as a golden age of cosmopolitan culture.

Empress Wu, the first woman to ever rule in China, was also included in the Tang Dynasty. Her methods were sometimes vicious, but she was very intelligent and talented.

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research 12 (2): 222. ISSN 1076-156X. http://jwsr.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jwsr/article/view/369/381. 
  2. Taagepera, Rein (1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053.  p. 492.
  3. That dynasty should be clearly distinguished from the Zhou Dynasty that began about 1050 BC.