Orthodox Church of Ukraine

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Main cathedral, Kyiv

The Orthodox Church of Ukraine or OCU (Ukrainian: Православна церква України) is an independent Eastern Orthodox Church established by Constantinople metropolitan in 2018. It's canonical territory is Ukraine.[1][2]

History[change | change source]

Logo of OCU

The Church was founded at the Unification Council (Sobor) in Kyiv on 15 December 2018. It was granted a decree of independence by the Patriarchate of Constantinople in Istanbul on 5 January 2019.[3][4] The Unification Council of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine elected Epiphanius I of Ukraine – as the Metropolitan of Kyiv and all Ukraine.

The Orthodox Church of Ukraine is guided by the Holy Scriptures and the Holy Tradition, the canons of the Orthodox Church. Orthodox Christians of Ukraine are members of the OCU, regardless of their origin. Since, according to Tomos (decree of independence), the borders of the canonical territory of the OCU are determined by the borders of the Ukrainian state. Orthodox Ukrainians abroad are subject to the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.[5][6] The main church of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine is St. Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral in Kyiv.

The church appeared in 988 but due to historical reasons it's independence was interrupted in 17-18 century by Moscow Principality. OCU was finally reestablished as an independent church on January 6, 2019.

Recognition[change | change source]

OCU has been recognized by the following Orthodox Churches:

References[change | change source]

  1. "Αυτοκέφαλη η Εκκλησία της Ουκρανίας, επικεφαλής ο μητροπολίτης Επιφάνιος |thetoc.gr". The TOC. 2018-12-15. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  2. Σύνταξης, Αίθουσα (2018-12-15). Ανακηρύχθηκε η αυτοκέφαλη Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία της Ουκρανίας. Tribune.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  3. "Томос для Української Церкви: що ховається в деталях". risu.org.ua. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  4. "PATRIARCHAL AND SYNODAL TOMOS FOR THE BESTOWAL OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL STATUS OF AUTOCEPHALY TO THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN UKRAINE - Announcements - The Ecumenical Patriarchate". www.patriarchate.org. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  5. Православна церква України буде автокефальною - статут (повний текст документу) [The Orthodox Church of Ukraine will be autocephalous - the charter (full text of the document)]. РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). 15 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  6. Piter234903 (2018-12-15). "Statut". www.slideshare.net.
  7. Cazabonne, Emma (2019-01-14). "Patriarch Bartholomew's letter to the hierarchs of the Ecumenical Throne on Ukraine". Orthodoxie.com. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  8. Panagiotisandriopoulos (2019-01-10). "Φως Φαναρίου : ΠΑΤΡΙΑΡΧΙΚΟ ΓΡΑΜΜΑ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΟΥΣ ΙΕΡΑΡΧΕΣ ΤΟΥ ΘΡΟΝΟΥ ΠΕΡΙ ΤΗΣ ΑΥΤΟΚΕΦΑΛΙΑΣ ΤΗΣ ΟΥΚΡΑΝΙΑΣ". Φως Φαναρίου. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  9. "OCU сlaims to be recognized by Alexandrian Church". risu.org.ua. religious Information Service of Ukraine. 2019-09-18. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  10. "Митрополит Нігерійський Олександр митрополиту Волоколамському Іларіону: "Олександрійський Патріархат не є під протекторатом Російської Церкви і ми ніколи не дозволимо йому бути під ним"". www.pomisna.info. Православна церква України. 2019-09-24. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  11. "Έγινε η μνημόνευση του Ουκρανίας από Βαρθολομαίο - Ιερώνυμο". ΟΡΘΟΔΟΞΙΑ INFO (in Greek). 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  12. "Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and Archbishop Ieronymos acknowledged Metropolitan Epiphanius of Kiev". Orthodox Times. 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  13. "Ιστορικό συλλείτουργο και ευχαριστίες Βαρθολομαίου στον Ιερώνυμο για το Ουκρανικό: Σε κλίμα συγκίνησης ολοκληρώθηκε το συλλείτουργο του Οικουμενικού Πατριάρχη με τον Αρχιεπίσκοπο". ethnos.gr (in Greek). 2019-10-19. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  14. Πατριαρχική Θεία Λειτουργία στον ιερό ναό Παναγίας Αχειροποιήτου, retrieved 2019-10-20
  15. Παπαγεωργίου, Σπύρος (25 January 2019). "Κύπρου Χρυσόστομος: "Το Οικουμενικό Πατριαρχείο είναι η Μητέρα Εκκλησία"". Orthodoxia.info. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  16. "Orthodox Church of Cyprus to recognize OCU head Epifaniy". www.unian.info. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-25.
  17. "Church of Cyprus plans to recognize OCU". risu.org.ua. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-27.