According to the New York Times in 2013, the people of Ōkuma, like many other communities in Fukushima, are "starting to come to terms with a sobering realization: their old homes are probably lost forever, and they must start anew elsewhere."
The people who used to live in Ōkuma are called "nuclear refugees".
There are three towns, one village, one city, and one district next to Ōkuma.
- Yasushi Kaneko, "2 towns at risk of disappearing; Okuma, Futaba face uncertain future due to nearby crippled N-plant," Yomiuri Shimbun, 9 Jan 2012; archived 2013-3-12.
- "Analysis: A month on, Japan nuclear crisis still scarring," International Business Times (Australia). 9 April 2011; excerpt, "The inability of Japanese authorities to regain full control of the plant will make villages nearby uninhabitable for a long time ..."; Archived 18 April 2011 at WebCite
- Tabuchi, Hiroko. "Uprooted by Tsunami, Church's Flock Regroups," New York Times. 11 March, 2013; retrieved 2013-3-12.
- "'Nuclear refugees' visit their home near stricken Fukushima plant," NBC News. 7 March 2013; retrieved 2013-3-12.
- "Sister City", Bathhurst Regional council