Alcatraz Island (sometimes just called Alcatraz or The Rock) is a small island in San Francisco Bay in California. It was first a lighthouse, then a military fort, then a military prison, and finally a federal prison. In 1963, it became a museum.
The name Alcatraz comes from the original Spanish name of the island, Isla de los alcatraces (Island of the pelicans). It was given that name when a Spanish explorer, John Manuel de Ayala, noticed the great amount of pelicans roosting on the island.
Alcatraz Island is one of many islands in the San Francisco Bay area.
Other websites[change | change source]