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Antecedent is of particular importance in connection with relative pronouns. The pronoun usually opens the relative clause but the antecedent is in the main clause. For example:

I want a book that I can read.

In the above example, the relative pronoun 'that' refers back to the antecedent, the word 'book'. Therefore, the main clause is "I want a book" and the relative clause is "that I can read".

The relative pronouns are: who, whom, whose, which, that.