Antimony pentachloride

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Antimony pentachloride, also known as antimony(V) chloride, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is SbCl5. It has antimony and chloride ions in it. The antimony is in its +5 oxidation state.

Properties[change | change source]

Antimony pentachloride is a colorless or yellow liquid. It releases toxic and odorous (bad odor) fumes in air. It melts at 2.8°C and boils at 140°C. It reacts with water to make antimony pentoxide and hydrochloric acid. It dissolves in hydrochloric acid. It dissolves in chloroform. It absorbs water to form a solid hydrate. It is a strong oxidizing agent.

Preparation[change | change source]

It is made by reacting liquid antimony trichloride with chlorine.

Uses[change | change source]

It is used in a test for caesium. It is also used in the making of chemicals and dyes.

Related pages[change | change source]