Antonio Vivaldi

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Unconfirmed portrait of Antonio Vivaldi

Antonio Vivaldi (born Venice, 4 March 1678; died Vienna, 28 July 1741) was an Italian composer. He was the most important composer in Italy at the end of the Baroque period. He wrote more than 400 concertos for various instruments, especially for the violin. The scores of 21 operas, including his first and last, are still intact. He taught at a school for orphaned girls. The music education there was very good and Vivaldi wrote a lot of his music for his pupils to play. His most popular work is the group of four violin concertos called “The Four Seasons”. He is believed to be the inventor of the ritornello form. Each concerto describes a season: Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter. He was very famous for his piccolo compositions, like, for example, Il gardellino. The Four Seasons are written in program music.