Augusto Pinochet

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Augusto Pinochet
Augusto Pinochet in 1990
30th President of Chile
In office
17 December 1974 – 11 March 1990
Prime Minister José Toribio Merino
Preceded by Salvador Allende
Succeeded by Patricio Aylwin
President of the
Government Junta of Chile
In office
11 September 1973 – 11 March 1981
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by José Toribio Merino
58th Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army
In office
23 August 1973 – 11 March 1998
Preceded by Carlos Prats
Succeeded by Ricardo Izurieta
Personal details
Born Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte
25 November 1915(1915-11-25)
Valparaíso, Chile
Died 10 December 2006(2006-12-10) (aged 91)
Santiago, Chile
Nationality Chilean
Spouse(s) Lucía Hiriart (1943-2006)
Children Inés Lucía Pinochet
María Verónica Pinochet
Jacqueline Marie Pinochet
Augusto Osvaldo Pinochet
Marco Antonio Pinochet
Alma mater Chilean War Academy
Occupation Politician
Profession Soldier
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  Chile
Service/branch Chilean Army
Years of service 1931 - 1998
Rank Captain General
Unit "Chacabuco" Regiment
"Maipo" Regiment
"Carampangue" Regiment
"Rancagua" Regiment
1st Army Division
Commands "Esmeralda" Regiment
2nd Army Division
6th Army Division
Santiago Army Garrison
Chilean Army
Battles/wars 1973 Chilean coup d'état

General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (November 25, 1915 – December 10, 2006) was a Chilean army general and president who led Chile from 1973 to 1990. He became leader after he overthrew Salvador Allende, a socialist president.

About 3,000 Chilean people died because of Pinochet's rule and many other people were tortured. Many of the people that died during Pinochet's rule were communists, however, many of Pinochet's supporters died as well.

Pinochet introduced many neoliberal free market policies, bringing growth and great economic progress to Chile.

The coup d'état that was launched to overthrow Allende and put Pinochet in power was supported by the United States, as was Pinochet's regime.[1]

In 1988, there was a plebiscite in Chile. The people were asked whether Pinochet should rule for another eight and a half years. About 56% of the people did not want that. Pinochet respected the wish of the people, and stepped down from power in 1990. Patricio Aylwin became the next president. Pinochet kept his responsibilities as head of the military until 1998. After this, he became a senator. He left the senate in 2002, but he was not arrested because the Supreme Court of Chile said he suffered from dementia. In May 2004, judges said that was not true. On December 13 he was placed under house arrest.

He died from congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema on December 10, 2006, a week after a heart attack.

Reference[change | change source]

  1. Chomsky, Noam (2006). Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy. Metropolitan Books. p. 111. ISBN 0-8050-7912-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=9p4A-omIdgYC&pg=PA111&dq=%22Failed+States%22+Pinochet#PPA111,M1. "Meanwhile, Washington firmly supported Pinochet's regime of violence and terror and had no slight role in its initial triumph."