Temporal range: Upper Cretaceous, 70 mya
|Artist's depiction of Beelzebufo|
Evans, Jones, & Krause, 2008
The Beelzebufo was a member of the horned toad sub-family, the Ceratophryinae. Living members of the family are found only in South America, but were once more widely distributed in Gondwana. Both South America and Madagascar were part of the supercontinent Gondwana before it broke up in the Cretaceous.
Beelzebufo was an ambush predator whose wide mouth let it eat relatively large prey, perhaps even juvenile dinosaurs. It probably lived in warm, seasonally dry habitats with occasional pools of water. Its modern relatives live in similar habitats, and can burrow.
- Evans, Susan E.; Jones, Marc E. H.; David W. Krause (2008). "A giant frog with South American affinities from the late Cretaceous of Madagascar". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (8): 2951–2956. doi:10.1073/pnas.0707599105. PMC 2268566. PMID 18287076.
- The largest living species of frog, the Goliath frog, can be up to 32 centimetres (13 in) in body length.
- "'Frog from hell' fossil unearthed". BBC News. 2008-02-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7251666.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-18.