Bhopal State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhopal
Princely state of India (1818–1949)

1723–1949
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Nasr Minullah[1]
Bhopal State (1949–56), after merger with India
Capital Bhopal
Islamnagar (for a brief period)
Language(s) Persian (official), Hindustani
Religion Islam and Hinduism
Government Principality
Nawab of Bhopal
 - 1723–1728 Dost Mohammad Khan(first)
 - 1926–1949 Hamidullah Khan (last)
History
 - Established 1723
 - Disestablished 1 June 1949

Bhopal State (pronounced [bʱoːpaːl] ( listen)) was an independent state of 18th century India. It was founded in 1723.[2] It was a princely state of the British Raj from 1818 to 1947. It was an independent country from 1947 to 1949. At first, the capital was Islamnagar. Later the capital moved to the city of Bhopal.

Rule of the Begums[change | change source]

Bhopal was the second largest Muslim state in pre-independence India, after Hyderabad. Between 1819 and 1926, it was ruled by four women – Begums – unique in the royalty of those days. Qudsia Begum was the first woman ruler, who was succeeded by her only daughter Sikandar Begum, who in turn was succeeded by her only daughter, Shahjehan Begum. Jahan Begum was the last woman ruler, who after 25 years of rule, abdicated in favour of her son, Nawab Sir Hamidullah Khan. The rule of Begums gave the city its waterworks, railways, a postal system and a municipality constituted in 1907. The peaceful rule of Begums led to the rise of a unique mixed culture in Bhopal. The Hindus were given important administrative positions in the state. This led to communal peace and a cosmopolitan culture took its roots.

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Roper Lethbridge (2005). The golden book of India (illustrated ed.). Aakar. p. 79. ISBN 978-81-87879-54-1 .
  2. Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary, Third Edition. Merriam-Webster. 1997. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9 . http://books.google.com/books?id=Co_VIPIJerIC&pg=PA141. Retrieved 10 May 2013.