Blue blanquillo

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Blue blanquillo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Malacanthidae
Genus: Malacanthus
Species: M .latovittatus
Binomial name
Malacanthus latovittatus
(Lacepède, 1801)
Synonyms [1]
  • Labrus latovittatus Lacepède, 1801
  • Malacanthus taeniatus Valenciennes, 1839
  • Malacanthus urichthys Fowler, 1904
  • Oceanops latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)
  • Taenianotus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1802)

The blue blanquillo (Malacanthus latovittatus, also known as the banded blanquillo, striped blanquillo, false whiting, sand tilefish or eye of the sea) is a species of tilefish. It is one of the many members of the family Malacanthidae.[2] It is the only species within the genus Malacanthus.

Description[change | change source]

Fish from the family Malacanthidae have streamlined bodies and large crests on their head. They have relatively long dorsal fins and anal fins.[3] The blue blanquillo gets its name from its mainly blue colour.[4] It also has some shades of yellow, and can change colour in different situations. On their backs, there is a set of stripes that run across its body. Their belly is white. The colour of the head changes from a light blue to a pinkish mix during spawning season.

Where they live[change | change source]

Blue blanquillo fish are usually found in the Indo-Pacific area. They live anywhere from the Red Sea to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan and south to New Caledonia and the Cook Islands. They are often seen in areas around coral reefs near the sea floor.[4]

Behaviour[change | change source]

Malacanthus latovittatus does not swim in groups. They are often found swimming alone or two together.[5] They are known to clean other fish. They also mimic the wrasse to stop predators from eating it.[6]

The fish can swim at depths of 20–22 metres (66–72 ft). The temperatures of the water it swims in normally range from 22–28 °C (72–82 °F).[7] They tend to swim high above the floor of the sea. This is so that they can pick prey from the ground with their eyesight, which is very good.[8]

Ecology[change | change source]

The blue blanquillo's main staple are the invertebrates or zooplankton that live near the bottom of the sea. They also eat crustaceans such as crabs and shrimp, molluscs, worms, sea urchins and small fish.[9] Their common predators are reef sharks, and other larger fish. They are also eaten by humans.

References[change | change source]

  1. Nicolas Bailly (2013). "Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=218377. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  2. "The Blue Blanquillio". whatsthatfish.com. Whats That Fish?. http://www.whatsthatfish.com/fish/blue-blanquillo/402. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  3. "Malacanthidae (Tilefishes)". Digital Fish Library. DFL. http://www.digitalfishlibrary.org/library/ViewFamily.php?id=147. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "CAS Cataloge of Fishes". CAS. California Academy of Science. http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatget.asp&tbl=genus&genid=1176. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  5. Tamiea, Tonozuka (2001). Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia.. Australia. p. 302, 292. http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?ID=48635.
  6. Lieske, Edward (1994). Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea.. England: Haper Collins Publishers. p. 400.
  7. Baensch, Henrich (1997) (in German). Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302,. Melle, Germany: Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86. p. 1216.
  8. John, Dooley (1978). Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep.. p. 411.
  9. "Malacanthus latovittatus". NOAA.gov. NOAA. http://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/Circulars/CIRC411.pdf. Retrieved 24 May 2013.