Between two rectangular areas, the main temple sits. There is a tall, 66 metre high tower above it.
The temple was built by RajaRaja Chola I in 1010 CE. The temple turned 1000 years old in 2010 and there was a great celebration.
The temple is also known as Periya Kovil, RajaRajeshwara Temple, Peruvudaiyar Kovil and RajaRajeshwaram.
The temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".