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Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) are centimeter-sized light-coloured calcium and aluminium rich inclusions found in carbonaceous chondrites. CAIs contains high-temperature minerals and are among the first solids which solidified from the cooling protoplanetary disk. CAIs were formed at much higher temperatures than the associated chondrules, and may have survived many high-temperature events, whereas most chondrules are the product of a single transient melting event.
The isotopic anomalies of CAIs give valuable clues about the solar system's formation, suggesting that the solar nebula collapsed shortly after a nearby supernova. Radiometric dating shows that the CAIs formed about 2 million years before the chondrules formed.
References[change | change source]
- Gilmour J. 2002. The Solar System's first clocks Science 297, 1658-1659.
- Amelin Y. et al. 2002. Lead isotopic ages of chondrules and calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions Science, 297, 1678-1683.
- Krot A.N. 2002. Dating the earliest solids in our Solar System. Planetary science research discoveries. http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Sept02/isotopicAges.html
- Shukolyukov A. & Lugmair G.W. 2002. Chronology of asteroid accretion and differentiation 687-695, in Bottke W.F. et al. (eds) Asteroids III. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0-8165-2281-2