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For animals of the mammal order, see Carnivora.
Wolves hunting a bison.

A carnivore is an animal that eats mostly meat. The word Carnivora comes from Latin, where Carne means "flesh" or "meat", and Vorare is a verb meaning "eat", that is "meat-eater". Predators commonly hunt and kill their own prey. Scavengers are carnivores that eat other animals which they did not kill themselves and which have been dead for a time. Carnivores that eat mainly or only insects are called insectivores. Carnivores that eat mainly or only fish are called piscivores.

The word "Carnivore" also can mean any animal in the scientific order Carnivora. Most animals in the Carnivora eat meat, though a few do not.[1]

List of living carnivores[change | change source]

Unlike tigers, Penguins don't need teeth and claws to be carnivores. They feed on crustaceans, fish, squid, and other small marine life.
Great Blue Heron with a snake
  • All feliforms, such as domestic cats, big cats, hyenas, mongooses, civets
  • Most caniforms, such as the dogs, wolves, foxes, ferrets, seals and walruses
  • All cetaceans, such as dolphins, whales and porpoises
  • All bats (except fruitbats)
  • The carnivorous marsupials, such as the Tasmanian devil
  • All birds of prey, such as hawks, eagles, falcons and owls
  • All vultures, both old world and new
  • Some waterfowl, such as gulls, penguins, pelicans, storks, and herons
  • All crocodilians, such as alligators, crocodiles, gharials and caimans
  • All snakes, such as cobras, vipers, pythons and boas
  • Some lizards, such as most skinks and all monitor lizards
  • Some turtles, including the snapping turtle and most sea turtles
Fish and amphibians
  • Most frogs and toads
  • All sharks, such as tiger, great white, nurse and reef sharks
  • Many teleosts, such as tuna, marlin, salmon, and bass
  • Some crustaceans, such as the coconut crab though mainly omnivorous, will prey on turtle hatchlings, smaller crabs species, rats, and carrion
  • Some molluscs, such as octopus and squid, and some gastropods
  • Most arachnids, such as spiders and scorpions
  • Many insects, such as mantises, dragonflies and most wasps
  • All jellyfish and sea stars

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ullrey, Duane E. Nutrient requirements: carnivores. Encyclopedia of Animal Science.