Chlamydia infection

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Chlamydia infection (from the Greek, χλαμύδος meaning "cloak") is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in humans. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can be treated with antibiotics. The term Chlamydia infection can also refer to infections caused by any species belonging to the bacterial family Chlamydiaceae. C. trachomatis is only in humans.[1] Chlamydia is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease.

The infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in people worldwide – about 2.8 million cases of chlamydia infection occur in the United States each year.[2] It is the most common bacterial STI in humans.[3]

C. trachomatis naturally lives only inside human cells. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal childbirth. Many people with Chlamydia show no symptoms of infection. Between half and three-quarters of all women who have chlamydia have no symptoms and do not know that they are infected. Untreated, chlamydial infections can cause serious reproductive and other health problems with both short-term and long-term consequences.

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma is a common cause of blindness worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that it accounted for 15% of blindness cases in 1995, but only 3.6% in 2002.[4][5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "www.chlamydiae.com (professional) - Taxonomy diagram". http://www.chlamydiae.com/docs/Chlamydiales/diagram/taxondiag.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
  2. Chlamydia fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  3. Gerbase AC, Rowley JT, Mertens TE (1998). "Global epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases". Lancet 351 Suppl 3: 2–4. PMID 9652711.
  4. Thylefors B, Négrel AD, Pararajasegaram R, Dadzie KY (1995). "Global data on blindness" (pdf). Bull World Health Organ 73 (1): 115–21. PMID 7704921. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/bulletin/1995/Vol73-No1/bulletin_1995_73(1)_115-121.pdf.
  5. Resnikoff S, Pascolini D, Etya'ale D et al. (2004). "Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002" (pdf). Bull World Health Organ 82 (11): 844–851. PMID 15640920. http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/82/11/en/844.pdf.
  6. Belland R, Ojcius D, Byrne G (2004). "Chlamydia". Nat Rev Microbiol 2 (7): 530–1. doi:10.1038/nrmicro931. PMID 15248311.

Other Sites[change | change source]