Chlordane

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Chlordane
Trans-chlordane.svg
Trans-chlordane-3D-balls.png
IUPAC name Octachloro-4,7-methanohydroindane
Other names Chlordan, Ortho
Identifiers
CAS number 57-74-9
PubChem 5993
KEGG C14176
SMILES ClC1CC2C(C1Cl)[C@@]3(Cl)C(=C(Cl)[C@@]2(Cl)C3(Cl)Cl)Cl
Properties
Molecular formula C10H6Cl8
Molar mass 409.779 g/mol
Density 1.60 g/cm3
Melting point

106 °C

Boiling point

175 °C at 1 mmHg[1]

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Chlordane is an insecticide, introduced in 1947. It is an organochloride that acts like a contact poison. It can be produced using the Diels–Alder reaction, and has at least 147 constituents. Its main use was in treating seeds, e.g. of potatoes, wheat, or vegetables. It was also used for wood preservation, and against ants and termites. Chlordane only degrades slowly, which means that it is relatively easy to spread it over long distances. It accumulates in the body of animals, in mammals mostly in the nervous system and the liver. Chlordane has been shown to cause cancer in mice; it may cause cancer in humans. Chlordane is toxic. It is listed in the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.

References[change | change source]

  1. Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–100, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2