Deep Impact (space mission)
Deep Impact was launched on January 12, 2005 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at Cape Canaveral, Florida. The rocket used was a Boeing Delta II. It reached the comet in July 2005, 83,000,000 mi (133,575,552 km) from Earth. After taking photos, the 370 kg (816 lb) impactor spacecraft was sent to crash into the surface on July 4, 2005. This created a huge crater and blasted parts of the comet into space. Deep Impact was able to study this debris which included ice and dust from deep inside the comet. This has helped scientists understand what comets are made of.
From the explosion scientists discovered that the comet had water ice both on the surface and deep inside. One scientist described it as being like a "...skating rink of snowy dirt." They were able to work out the comet was formed in the area between Uranus and Neptune.
After the mission, NASA decided to send Deep Impact to study the Comet 85P/Boethin. However the comet did not return on its expected 11 year path around the sun, and has not been seen since.
- "NASA - Overview". nasa.gov. 2010. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/deepimpact/mission/index.html. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "NASA - Launch Coverage". nasa.gov. 2008. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/deepimpact/launch/index.html. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "NASA - Deep Impact Team Reports First Evidence of Cometary Ice". nasa.gov. 2008. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/deepimpact/media/deepimpact_water_ice.html. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- Matson, John (October 23, 2012). "Destination: Missing--Comet Once Targeted by NASA Mission Vanished". Scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=comet-boethin-deep-impact&WT.mc_id=SA_CAT_SPC_20121025. Retrieved November 6, 2012.