Dwarf elephant

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Dwarf elephants
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Skeleton of a Cretan Dwarf elephant.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
in part

Dwarf elephants are prehistoric elephants which lived in the Pleistocene period. They are an example of island dwarfism.

Fossil remains of dwarf elephants have been found on the Mediterranean islands of Cyprus, Malta, Crete, Sicily, Sardinia, the Cyclades Islands and Dodecanese islands. Other islands where dwarf elephants have been found are Sulawesi, Flores, Timor and other islands of the Lesser Sundas and the Channel Islands of California.

They are considered to be one of the only elephant of the Mediterranean islands belonging to the mammoth line.