Joshua Abraham Norton, or Emperor Norton (1819? - 1880) was a man who declared himself Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico. He was born in London to John and Sarah Norton. but no one knows his actual birthday or what year he was born in.
Before he became emperor he was a citizen of San Francisco. Norton spent a lot of his early life in South Africa. Before he was emperor he made a living by being a businessman. He lost a lot of money by trying to control the rice market in San Francisco by buying all the rice he could find. This did not work because ships came with more rice.
Emperor Norton I died on January 8, 1880. The reason of his death is unknown. He collapsed on the corner of California and Grant on his way to a lecture. The next day, he had his funeral. During Emperor Norton’s funeral, a solar eclipse took place. The whole city came to his funeral, and all of them mourned. Emperor Norton is now buried at Woodlawn Cemetery. This is what his gravestone says:
EMPEROR OF THE UNITED STATES AND PROTECTOR OF MEXICO JOSHUA A. NORTON 1816 - 1880
- "Norton I, Emperor of the United States". sfmuseum.org. http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/norton.html. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "The First Emperor of the United States: Joshua Norton - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com". associatedcontent.com. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/368233/the_first_emperor_of_the_united_states.html?cat=49. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "PBS - THE WEST - Joshua Abraham Norton". pbs.org. http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/i_r/norton.htm. Retrieved November 3, 2010.