The European robin (Erithacus rubecula) is a small bird found in many parts of Europe. In English, this bird is usually just called a robin. The robin is an insectivore (it eats only insects and bugs.) It is a member of the order Passerine which makes it a perching bird. It has an orange-red breast and face, olive-brown wings and back, a white to light-brown belly. You can sometimes see a blue-grey fringe around the bottom part of the robin's red breast patch. European robins have brown legs and their tail is bluntly square. They have large, black eyes and a small black bill.
Some migrate, and some are resident. In the breeding season the red chest of the male gets a bit redder, and they are very territorial. No other male robin is allowed near, and they even fight other birds that come too close. The American and Australian robins are not closely related. to this, the original robin.
Sources[change | change source]
- (German) Pätzold R (1995). Das Rotkehlchen Erithacus rubecula. Neue Brehm-Bücherei. Magdeburg/Heidelberg: Westarp Wissenschaften/Spektrum. .