Fedora (operating system)

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Fedora
Fedora 14 GNOME.png
Fedora 14 running GNOME
Company / developer Fedora Project
OS family Linux
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Latest stable release 19 (Schrödinger's Cat) / July 3, 2013 (2013-07-03)[1]
Update method Yum, Anaconda
Package manager RPM Package Manager
Supported platforms x86, X86-64, ARM
Kernel type Monolithic kernel
Default user interface GNOME
License Free software licenses
(mainly GNU GPL)
Official website fedoraproject.org

Fedora is a distribution (or distro) of Linux developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. It is designed to be safe and is used by companies and governments. Fedora's mission statement is: "Fedora is about the rapid progress of Free and Open Source software."[2]

Linus Torvalds, author of the Linux kernel, says he uses Fedora because it had fairly good support for PowerPC when he used that processor architecture. He became used to the operating system and continues to use it.[3]

Releases[change | change source]

Fedora Core 1 - 4[change | change source]

Fedora Core 1
Fedora Core 4 using GNOME and the Bluecurve theme

Fedora Core 1 was the first version of Fedora and was released on November 6, 2003,[4] and was codenamed Yarrow. Fedora Core 1 was based on Red Hat Linux 9 and shipped with version 2.4.19 of the Linux kernel, version 2.4 of the GNOME desktop environment, and version 3.1.4 of KDE (the K Desktop Environment).

Fedora Core 2 was released on May 18, 2004, codenamed Tettnang.[5] It shipped with Linux 2.6, GNOME 2.6, KDE 3.2.2, and SELinux[6] XFree86 was replaced by the newer X.org, a merger of the previous official X11R6 release, which additionally included a number of updates to Xrender, Xft, Xcursor, fontconfig libraries, and other significant improvements.

Fedora Core 3 was released on November 8, 2004, codenamed Heidelberg.[7] This was the first release of Fedora Core to include the Mozilla Firefox web browser, as well as support for the Indic languages.[7] This release also replaced the LILO boot loader with GRUB.[7] SELinux was also enabled by default, but with a new targeted policy, which was less strict than the policy used in Fedora Core 2.[7] Fedora Core 3 shipped with GNOME 2.8 and KDE 3.3.[7] It was the first release to include the new Fedora Extras repository.

Fedora Core 4 was released on June 13, 2005, with the codename Stentz.[8] It shipped with Linux 2.6.11,[8] KDE 3.4 and GNOME 2.10.[9] This version introduced the new Clearlooks theme, which was inspired by the Red Hat Bluecurve theme.[9] It also shipped with the OpenOffice.org 2.0 office suite, as well as Xen, a high performance and secure open source virtualization framework.[9] It also introduced support for the PowerPC CPU architecture, and over 80 new policies for SELinux.

Fedora Core 5 - 6[change | change source]

Fedora Core 6

The last two cores introduced specific artwork for that version. This is a trend that has continued in later Fedora versions.

Fedora Core 5 was released on March 20 2006, with the codename Bordeaux, and introduced the Fedora Bubbles artwork.[10] It was the first Fedora release to include Mono and tools built with it such as Beagle, F-Spot and Tomboy.[10] It also introduced new package management tools such as pup and pirut (see Yellow dog Updater, Modified). This release replaced the old LinuxThreads, with the Native POSIX Thread Library.[11]

Fedora Core 6 was released on October 24 2006, codenamed Zod.[12] This release introduced the Fedora DNA artwork, replacing the Fedora Bubbles artwork used in Fedora Core 5.[13] The codename is derived from the infamous villain, General Zod, from the Superman DC Comic Books.[14] This version introduced support for the Compiz compositing window manager and AIGLX (a technology that enables GL-accelerated effects on a standard desktop).[13] It shipped with Firefox 1.5 as the default web browser, and Smolt, a tool that allows users to inform developers about the hardware they use.

None of these distributions are maintained by the Fedora Project.[15]

Fedora 10[change | change source]

Fedora 10, codenamed Cambridge,[16] was released on 25 November 2008.[17]

Version history[change | change source]

Color Meaning
Red Release no longer supported[15]
Green Release still supported
Blue Future release
Project Name Version Code name Release date Kernel version
Fedora Core 1 Yarrow 2003–11–05 2.4.19
2 Tettnang 2004–05–18 2.6.5
3 Heidelberg 2004–11–08 2.6.9
4 Stentz 2005–06–13 2.6.11
5 Bordeaux 2006–03–20 2.6.15
6 Zod 2006–10–24 2.6.18
Fedora 7 Moonshine 2007–05–31 2.6.21
8 Werewolf 2007–11–08 2.6.23
9 Sulphur 2008–05–13 2.6.25
10 Cambridge 2008–11–25 2.6.27
11 Leonidas 2009–06–09[18] 2.6.29
12 Constantine 2009–11–17[19] 2.6.31
13 Goddard 2010–05–11[20] 2.6.33
14 Laughlin 2010-11-02[21] 2.6.35[22]
15 Lovelock 2011-05-24[23] 2.6.38[24]
16 Verne 2011-11-08[25] 3.1.0
17 Beefy Miracle 2012-05-29[26] 3.3.7
18 Spherical Cow Late 2012[27]
19 Schrödinger's Cat 2013-07-02
20 Heisenbug 2013-12-17

Fedora gallery[change | change source]

Package[change | change source]

Fedora's official software package repository[28] includes, for example, UNetbootin.[29]

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Fedora 19 Schedule". Fedora Project Wiki. Fedora Project. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/19/Schedule.
  2. Max Spevack. "Fedora Project Leader Max Spevack Responds". http://interviews.slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=06/08/17/177220. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
  3. Nikesh Jauhari (2008-06-22). "Linus Torvalds uses Fedora 9". http://linuxpoison.blogspot.com/2008/07/linus-torvalds-uses-fedora-core-9.html. Retrieved 2008-09-10.
  4. Red Hat (2003-11-06). "Announcing Fedora Core 1". http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2003-November/msg00000.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  5. Red Hat (2004-05-18). "Presenting Fedora Core 2". http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2004-May/msg00010.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  6. SELinux was disabled by default due to concerns that it radically altered the way that Fedora Core ran.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Red Hat (2004-11-08). "Announcing the release of Fedora Core 3". http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2004-November/msg00002.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Fedora Project (2005-06-13). "The Amazing Fedora Core 4!". http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2005-June/msg00010.html. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Fedora Core 4 Release Notes". Fedora Project. http://docs.fedoraproject.org/release-notes/fc4/. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Announcing the release of Fedora Core 5". 2006-03-20. http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2006-March/msg00027.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  11. "Fedora Core 5 Release Notes". http://docs.fedoraproject.org/release-notes/fc5/release-notes-ISO/#id3083554. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  12. Fedora Project (2006-10-24). "Announcing Fedora Core 6 (Zod)". http://www.redhat.com/archives/fedora-announce-list/2006-October/msg00008.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Fedora Project. "Fedora Core 6 Release Notes". http://docs.fedoraproject.org/release-notes/fc6/en_US/sn-OverView.html#id2974245. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  14. Red Hat. "Fedora status report: Announcing Zod". http://www.redhat.com/magazine/024oct06/features/fsr/. Retrieved 2007-10-18.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Fedora Project. "Releases". http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
  16. "Releases/Names - FedoraProject". 29 July 2008. https://fedoraproject.org/w/index.php?title=Releases/Names&oldid=42079. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  17. "Releases/10/Schedule - FedoraProject". 24 July 2008. https://fedoraproject.org/w/index.php?title=Releases/10/Schedule&oldid=41180. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  18. "Fedora 11 Release Schedule". Fedora Project. 2009-05-31. http://fedoraproject.org/w/index.php?title=Releases/11/Schedule&oldid=105085. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  19. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/12/Schedule
  20. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/13/Schedule
  21. "Fedora 15 Schedule". Fedora Project Wiki. Fedora Project. 2010-09-16. https://fedoraproject.org/w/index.php?title=Releases/14/Schedule&oldid=197498. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  22. "Changes in Fedora for Developers". Fedora Documentation. Fedora Project. http://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/Fedora/14/html/Release_Notes/sect-Release_Notes-Changes_for_Developers.html. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  23. "Fedora 15 Schedule". Fedora Project Wiki. Fedora Project. 2011-03-26. https://fedoraproject.org/w/index.php?title=Releases/15&oldid=229199. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  24. von Eitzen, Chris (2011-03-08). "Alpha version of Fedora 15 released". The H. http://www.h-online.com/open/news/item/Alpha-version-of-Fedora-15-released-1203900.html. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  25. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/16/Schedule
  26. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/17/Schedule
  27. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/18/Schedule
  28. ArchLinux.org, "Official repositories," excerpt, "A software repository is a storage location from which software packages may be retrieved and installed on a computer"; retrieved 2012-6-7.
  29. Fedora, Package unetbootin; retrieved 2012-6-7.

Other websites[change | change source]