Flat (music)

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In music, flat, or Bemolle, means "lower in pitch." In music notation, flat means "lower in pitch by a semitone (half step)," and has the symbol ()[1]. The Unicode character '' (U+266D) is the flat sign. Its HTML entity is ♭.

Under twelve tone equal temperament, C flat is the same as, or enharmonically equivalent to, B natural, and G flat is the same as F sharp.

Double flats also exist, which look like double flat and lower a note by two semitones, or a whole step. Sometimes you will encounter half or three-quarter flats. The Unicode character '𝄫' (U+1D12B) represents the double flat sign.

A triple flat can be found, but it is very rare. It lowers a note three semitones.

The note A flat is shown in musical notation in Figure 1, together with A double flat. Loudspeaker.png An A and an A flat (info • help)

In tuning, flat can also mean "slightly lower in pitch". If the same note is played on two instruments at the same time, the lower-pitched one is flat compared to the higher-pitched one.

A half flat, showing quarter tones, is sometimes shown with a flat with a slash (Arabic music notation half flat.svg) or a reversed flat sign. A three-quarter flat is represented by a half flat and a regular flat.

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Music Symbols on Concrete Blockers