Geneva (canton)

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République et Canton de Genève
Canton of Switzerland

Coat of arms
Map of Switzerland, location of Geneva highlighted
Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°7′E / 46.2°N 6.117°E / 46.2; 6.117Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°7′E / 46.2°N 6.117°E / 46.2; 6.117
Capital Geneva
Subdivisions 45 municipalities
Government
 • Executive Conseil d'Etat (7)
 • Legislative Grand Conseil (100)
Area
 • Total 282 km2 (109 sq mi)
Area rank 21st
Population (2007)
 • Total 447,584
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 1,587.2/km2 (4,111/sq mi)
Highest point 516 m (1,693 ft) - Les Arales
Lowest point 332 m (1,089 ft) - Rhone at Chancy
Joined 1815
Abbreviation GE
Languages French

Geneva is a canton in Switzerland. The capital of the canton is Geneva City.

The French name is Genève, The German name is Genf, in Italian it is Ginevra.

Geneva is the seat of many institutions of the United Nations. It has about 186.000 inhabitants and a very old university. About 960.000 people live in the urban area. Some of the urban area is in France. Only Zürich has more inhabitants in Switzerland.

Logo

History[change | change source]

In 1815, the city-state of Geneva became a part of Switzerland. It had at one time been the capital of the Kingdom of Burgundy.

The first traces of human civilization in Geneva, discovered on the shores of Lake Geneva French: Lac Léman, date from around 3000 BC. The hill of the Old City, however, was not inhabited until 1000 BC. Later, when Rome conquered Geneva, it was defended by a small Celtic tribe. In 58 BC, Julius Caesar drove off an attack by the Helvetii. At the height of the Roman Empire, around 400 AD, Geneva was granted its own bishop.

Municipalities[change | change source]

Geneva does not have any districts. There are 45 municipalities in the canton: