Hades is a god in Greek mythology, and one of the Twelve Olympians. He is the god of the Greek underworld. In Roman mythology he is called Pluto. In his Roman form not only is he god of the underworld but also the god of riches and despair.
He is married to Persephone. Lonely in the underworld, Hades saw and fell in love with Persephone, who was picking flowers. Persephone was the daughter of Demeter. Hades then arose from the earth and carried Persephone into the Underworld. At her absence, Demeter became anguished and searched the earth for her missing daughter, neglecting her duty of bringing flourishing plants to the mortals. The distressed mortals starved and prayed to Zeus, who had no choice but to tell Hades to give up Persephone. Before she went, however, Hades tricked her into eating 6 pomegranate seeds, which ensured that Persephone would have to stay with him for six months of the year. Ancient Greeks believed this to be the explanation for the seasons.
References[change | edit source]
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- Kevin Osborn, Dana Burgess (1998). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Classical Mythology. Alpha Books. p. 72. ISBN 0028623851.
- Hamilton, Edith (1942), Mythology, Boston: Back Bay Books, pp. 467, ISBN 978-0-316-34151-6
- Homeric Hymn to Demeter, 370ff.