Haloarchaea

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Archaea
Temporal range: Archaean – Recent
Halobacteria sp. strain NRC-1, each cell about 5 μm long.
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota

Haloarchaea are protists and members of the halophile community. They need a high salt concentrations to grow. They are a distinct evolutionary branch of the Archaea, and are extremophiles.

The term halobacteria is a misnomer (mistaken name), because we now know the archaea are a different group from bacteria.

Salt ponds with pink colored Haloarchaea

In taxonomy, the Haloarchaea are a class of the Euryarchaeota,[1] found in water with salt. They are common in most environments where large amounts of salt, moisture, and organic material are available.

References[change | change source]

  1. See the National Center for Biotechnology Information webpage on Halobacteria. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". NCBI. ftp://ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/pub/taxonomy/. Retrieved 2007-03-19.