|Moore in 1975, by Allan Warren|
|Birth name||Henry Spencer Moore|
|Born||30 July 1898|
|Died||31 August 1986 (aged 88)
|Movement||Bronze Sculpture, Modernism|
|Works||Reclining Figures, 1930s – 1980s|
|Influenced by||Michelangelo, Giovanni Pisano, Gothic art, Pre-Columbian art|
|Influenced||Sir Anthony Caro, Phillip King, Isaac Witkin (former assistants)|
|Awards||OM CH FBA|
Henry Spencer Moore OM CH FBA (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English sculptor and artist in the modern art genre. He was best known for his abstract monumental sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art.
His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures. Moore's works are usually suggestive of the female body, apart from a phase in the 1950s when he sculpted family groups. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Many interpreters liken the undulating form of his reclining figures to the landscape and hills of his birthplace, Yorkshire.
Moore was born in Castleford, the son of a mining engineer. He became well-known through his larger-scale abstract cast bronze and carved marble sculptures. His ability in later life to fulfill large-scale commissions made him exceptionally wealthy. Yet he lived frugally and most of the money he earned went towards endowing the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support education and promotion of the arts.