Hiroshima

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Hiroshima
広島市
City
Atomic Bomb Dome (left) and modern buildings
Location of Hiroshima in Hiroshima
Hiroshima is located in Japan
Hiroshima
 
Coordinates: 34°23′N 132°27′E / 34.383°N 132.45°E / 34.383; 132.45Coordinates: 34°23′N 132°27′E / 34.383°N 132.45°E / 34.383; 132.45
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku, Sanyō
Prefecture Hiroshima
Government
 • Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba (Social Democratic Party (Japan))
Area
 • Total 905.01 km2 (349.43 sq mi)
Population (January 2007)
 • Total 1,159,391
 • Density 1,281.1/km2 (3,318/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Oleander
Phone number 082-245-2111
Address Hiroshima-shi,
Naka-ku, Kokutaiji 1-6-34
730-8586

Hiroshima (広島) is the capital city of Hiroshima Prefecture.[1] It is the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Japan. About a million people live in Hiroshima.

History[change | edit source]

In the late Sengoku period and Edo period, Hiroshima was the capital of local daimyos. A big and beautiful castle, Hiroshima-jo was built. Its nickname is Rijo, meaning Castle of the Carp.

Atomic bombing[change | edit source]

Atomic Bomb Dome

Hiroshima was the site of the first ever atomic bombing near the end of World War II.[2] The bomb exploded over Hiroshima at 8:16 on the morning of August 6, 1945. Much of the city was destroyed. Over 100,000 people were killed, many instantly and many afterwards because of radiation sickness. It is now estimated that 140,000 people were killed by the explosion. The bomb was nicknamed Little Boy after President Theodore Roosevelt.[2] More people died later because of cancer or other illnesses caused by the radiation, between 1950, and 1990, approximately 21,343 people died of cancer, resulted from the radiation caused by the atomic bomb. A building near the blast center still remains and is called the Atomic Bomb Dome.

Itsukushima shrine[change | edit source]

Near to Hiroshima, there is a small island called Miyajima. The island is known for its deer. An old Shinto shrine named Itsukushima Shrine is also here. It is said that Itsukushima shrine was built at the end of the 5th century. The shrine is known for its use of red-colored wood, and especially for the torii gate that leads into the shrine, which is partly underwater at high tide. Today Itsukushima shrine and the Atomic Bomb Dome are registered as World Heritage sites. Also it was a landing site for the U.S.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 319-320.
  2. 2.0 2.1 BBC, "1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima"; retrieved 2012-3-3.

Other websites[change | edit source]

This article is about a World Heritage Site