Hoxne

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Coordinates: 52°21′N 1°12′E / 52.35°N 1.2°E / 52.35; 1.2

Hoxne
Village Hall, Hoxne - geograph.org.uk - 789470.jpg
Village Hall, Hoxne
Hoxne is located in Suffolk
Hoxne

 Hoxne shown within Suffolk
District Mid Suffolk
Shire county Suffolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EYE
Postcode district IP21
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
The first hand axe published in the history of archaeology, by John Frere in 1800

Hoxne (pronounced 'Hoxen') is an ancient village in Suffolk, England, about five miles (8 km) east-southeast of Diss, Norfolk

The area around the village is of great archaeological significance.

  1. It was one of the first places where flint hand axes were found (late 18th century).[1] John Frere [1740–1807], who lived at Roydon Hall in Diss, was the first person to recognise and write about the hand axes. He wrote a letter to the Society of Antiquaries. In this letter he connected the flints to strata in the site of an interglacial lake, part of the Hoxnian interglacial.
  2. It is the archaeological type site for the Hoxnian Stage or Hoxnian interglacial. The Hoxnian Stage is a middle Pleistocene stage of the geological history of the British Isles. It is equivalent to Marine Isotope Stage 11,[2][3][4][5] which started 424,000 years ago and ended 374,000 years ago.[6][7]
  3. It is the find-spot of the Hoxne Hoard of Roman treasure.

The village is also home to The Swan Inn. The Swan occupies a 15th Century, Grade II listed lodge, formerly known as Bishops Lodge. This pub is set at the bottom end of the village green, near Saint Edmund's memorial and bridge.[8] Built in 1480 by the Bishop of Norwich, The Swan has a long history; both the restaurant and bars reflect Hoxne's ecclesiastical past, with ornate ceiling beams and wide-planked floors.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Frere, John 1800. Account of flint weapons discovered at Hoxne in Suffolk. Archeologia, 13, 204-205
  2. Stringer, Chris (2006), Homo Britannicus: The incredible story of human life in Britain, London: Penguin, ISBN 978-0-14-101813-3.
  3. McMillan, A. A. (2005), "A provisional Quaternary and Neogene lithostratigraphic framework Great Britain", Netherland Journal of Geosciences 84 (2): 87–107.
  4. Walker, M. (2005), Quaternary Dating Methods, Chichester, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Son, ISBN 0-470-86927-5.
  5. Gibbard, P. L.; Boreham, S.; Cohen, K. M. & Moscariello, A. (2007), "Global chronostratigraphical correlation table for the last 2.7 million years v. 2007b (jpg version 844 KB )", Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (Cambridge, England: Department of Geography, University of Cambridge), http://www.quaternary.stratigraphy.org.uk/correlation/POSTERSTRAT_v2007b_small.jpg.
  6. Lisiecki L.E. 2005. Ages of MIS boundaries.LR04 Benthic Stack Boston University, Boston, MA
  7. Lisiecki, L.E. & Raymo, M.E. (2005), "A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records", Paleoceanography 20: PA1003, Bibcode 2005PalOc..20.1003L, doi:10.1029/2004PA001071.
  8. refers to Saint Edmund the Martyr, born 869, King of East Anglia.