Impala

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Impala
A male impala in the Serengeti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Aepycerotinae
Gray, 1872
Genus: Aepyceros
Sundevall, 1847
Species: A. melampus
Binomial name
Aepyceros melampus
(Lichtenstein, 1812)
Female Black-faced Impala at water hole
Male impala lock horns in mating-season fight

An impala (Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized African antelope. The name "impala" comes from the Zulu language.

Description[change | edit source]

The impala is reddish-brown with white hair inside the ears, over each eye and on the chin, upper throat, underparts and buttocks. A narrow black line runs along the middle of the lower back to the tail, and a vertical black stripe appears on the back of each thigh. Impalas have unique brushlike tufts of black hair that cover a scent gland located just above the heel on each hind leg.

The impala can jump more than 10 meters distance and 3 meters high, and can reach running speeds of about 80 to 90 km/h, to escape from predators.

Habitat[change | edit source]

Impalas are found at grassland and woodland edges, usually very close by water.