History[change | edit source]
The airline was started in 1944, and was called the Iranian Airways Company. In 1946, the airline made its first flight. It started by flying only to places in Iran, but soon started flights to other countries. It started by flying Douglas DC-3 airplanes. Later, it bought other types of airplanes. By the late 1950s, Iran Air was moving 80,000 people each year.
In 1961, because the government ordered it, Iran Air combined with another Iranian airline, Persian Air Services. This combined company was owned by the government and called United Iranian Airlines, but it changed its name to Iranian National Airlines. The new airline carried about 142,000 people a year, and by the late 1960s carried 403,000 people.
In the early 1970s, the airline bought five Boeing 747s. After the Islamic Revolution, Iran Air was not allowed to buy planes from the United States, but it still bought planes from Airbus. By the mid 2000s, though, the airline was not able to get enough parts to keep its planes flying, and had to stop flying some of them.
During the early 2000s, Iran Air carried about six million people a year, and an airline it owned, Iran Air Tours, carried two million people. Iran Air had 9,000 people working for it, and made about $407.44 million.
Fleet[change | edit source]
Iran Air has the following types of aircraft in its fleet, as of September 2009:
|Aircraft||Number in fleet||Passengers|
|Boeing 747||8 (includes one for freight)||301-437|
|Airbus A300||14 (includes two for freight)||253-295|
Major crashes[change | edit source]
- Iran Air Flight 655 was shot down in the Persian Gulf by the USS Vincennes on 3 July 1988, killing 290 people.
- Iran Air Flight 227 crashed on 9 January 2011 in northwest Iran, killing 77 people.
References[change | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Iran Air|
- "IranAir - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on IranAir". Reference for Business. http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/52/IranAir.html. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- "IranAir Fleet". Iran Air. http://www.iranair.com/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=309. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- "Navy Missile Downs Iranian Jetliner". The Washington Post. 4 July 1988. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/flight801/stories/july88crash.htm. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
- "Scores killed in IranAir passenger plane crash". BBC News Online. 10 January 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12147872. Retrieved 12 January 2011.