Janice Raymond

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Janice G. Raymond (born January 24, 1943) is an American feminist activist. She is known for her work against violence, sexual exploitation and the "medical abuse" of women. She is also known for her writings and activism against transsexualism. She is retired professor of women's studies and medical ethics at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst. She has published many articles on prostitution and sex trafficking. She lectures around the world on many of these topics[1] through Coalition Against Trafficking in Women.

Career[change | change source]

In 1979 her first book, The Transsexual Empire, was published. In the book Raymond said that all transsexuals rape women's bodies.[2] The book has been called hate speech against transgender people.

In 1993 her most recent book, Women as Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle over Women’s Freedom was published.

Raymond has received grants from the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. National Institute of Justice, the Ford Foundation, the United States Information Agency, the National Science Foundation, the Norwegian Organization for Research and Development (NORAD), and UNESCO.

Personal life[change | change source]

Raymond graduated from Salve Regina College in 1965. She got her Masters in Religious Studies from Andover Newton Theological School in 1971. She graduated from Boston College in 1977.

Janice Raymond is a former member of the Sisters of Mercy.[3] She later left the convent.[4] She is now an open lesbian.[5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Janice Raymond - Coalition Against Trafficking of Women". Catwinternational.org. http://www.catwinternational.org/bio_JaniceRaymond.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
  2. Raymond, Janice. (1994). The Transsexual Empire, p. 104
  3. A Passion for Friends - Google Books. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=18Wi0LFLeEYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=janice+raymond,+nun&source=bl&ots=8hhTiR2qrP&sig=4ciwrcbGFl0CwFBtrC8AVYGNCkI&hl=en&ei=s8ZcS-SzNYTV8AaF3tTyBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CA0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
  4. Janice Raymond, 2001, A Passion For Friends, p. 79.
  5. Janice Raymond, 2001, A Passion For Friends, p. 14.
  6. Cheshire Calhoun, 1994, "Separating Lesbian Theory from Feminist Theory," in Ethics, vol. 104, no. 3.

Other websites[change | change source]