June Cleaver is a literary reference meaning "the perfect stay-at-home mom" referring to the mother in the U.S. television show Leave it to Beaver which was released from 1957 to 1963. Women writers viewing the show sometimes had difficulty living up to or agreeing with such a feminine mystique. June Cleaver is often referred to in remarks justifying a messy home such as “June Cleaver made having a spotless house look so effortless . . .” The character was played by actress Barbara Billingsley, a lifelong resident of Los Angeles county, California, U.S.A.
- Klein, Allison. 2006. What would Murphy Brown do?: how the women of prime time changed our lives , p. 125 Emeryville, CA: Seal Press, Avalon Publishing Group, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58005-171-2 Link: http://books.google.com/books?id=8gK9SMTSTocC&pg=PA125&dq=June%2BCleaver%2Bclean&hl=en&ei=FDi7TJy_N4H98Aa3xdDzDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDcQ6AEwBDgU#v=onepage&q=June%2BCleaver%2Bclean&f=false Retrieved, October 17, 2010
- The Internet Movie Database. Barbara Billingsley Seattle, WA: IMDb.com, Inc. Link: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0082511/bio Retrieved, October 17, 2010
- WSJ Staff. October 16, 2010. Barbara Billingsley, June Cleaver on ‘Leave It To Beaver,’ Dies at 94. Speakeasy. New York, NY: The Wall Street Journal.Link: http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2010/10/16/barbara-billingsley-june-cleaver-on-leave-it-to-beaver-dies-at-94/ Retrieved, October 17, 2010
- Associated Press. OCTOBER 16, 2010. Actress Barbara Billingsley Dies. New York, NY: The Wall Street Journal. Link: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304898004575556591620101102.html?KEYWORDS=Barbara+Billingsley Retrieved, October 17, 2010