Kurt Schuschnigg

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Kurt Schuschnigg
Kurt Schuschnigg, in 1936
15th Federal Chancellor of Austria
In office
July 29, 1934 – March 11, 1938
President Wilhelm Miklas
Deputy Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg, Eduard Baar-Baarenfels, Ludwig Hülgerth, Edmund Glaise-Horstenau
Preceded by Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg (acting)
Succeeded by Arthur Seyss-Inquart
Acting Federal Chancellor of Austria
In office
July 25 – July 26, 1934
President Wilhelm Miklas
Preceded by Engelbert Dollfuss
Succeeded by Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg (acting)
Personal details
Born 14 December 1897(1897-12-14)
Riva del Garda, then Austria-Hungary, now Italy
Died 18 November 1977(1977-11-18) (aged 79)
Mutters, Tyrol, Austria
Political party Patriotic Front
Profession Lawyer, Professor

Kurt Alois Josef Johann Schuschnigg (1897–1977, until 1919, Edler von Schuschnigg) was the 15th Chancellor of Austria. He was in office between the assassination of his predecessor, Engelbert Dollfuss in 1934, and the annexation of Austria in 1938. The time of Dollfuss' and Schuschnigg's reign is known as Austrofascism today. He survived the war as a prisoner. After the war, he took US citizenship, and became a professor for state law in the United States. In 1968, he returned to Austria, where he died in 1977.

Schuschnigg studied law in Freiburg im Breisgau and Innsbruck. The nazi Otto Planetta killed Dollfuss, in 1934, in an event that is known as July putsch today. During the war, the NSDAP saw Planetta as a hero. Schuschnigg became the next Chancellor, and at age 36, is the youngest person to become chanellor to this date.

During his time in office, he was opposed to the idea of Austria becoming a part of Germany. Schuschnigg was forced to step down on 11th March 1938, and to hand power to Dr. Arthur Seyß-Inquart. One day later, Austria was annexed to Germany.