List of cities in Kazakhstan

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This is a list of cities with more than 50,000 people in Kazakhstan. The names of many places have been changed during the last century, sometimes more than once. Wherever possible, the old names have been included and linked to the new ones.

Provinces and main cities of Kazakhstan


Insignia Name English Name Kazakh Previous name City since 1979 1989 1999 recent accounts (2008) Status [1] Province
Coat of arms of Aktau.png
Aktau Ақтау Shevchenko 1963 110575 159245 143396 180373 2 Mangystau Province
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Aktobe Ақтөбе Aktubinsk 1880 190569 253532 253088 285507 2 Aktobe Province
NewGerb Almaty 2010.jpg
Almaty Алматы Verniy, Верный, Alma-Ata, Алма́-Ата́ 1867 909644 1127884 1129356 1328362 1 Capital 1929 - 1997
Arkalyk seal.png
Arkalyk Арқалық 1965 47963 62367 45700 56614 4 Kostanay Province
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Astana Астана Akmola, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd 1831 233638 277365 312965 389189 1 Capital
Coat of arms of Atyrau.jpg
Atyrau Атырау Guryev 1885 130916 149261 142497 158308 2 Atyrau province
Baikonur seal.png
Baikonur Байқоңыр Lenninsk 1969 74700 60200 59452 1
Coats of arms of Balqash.png
Balqash Балқаш 1937 78145 86742 81100 86897 3 Karagandy Province
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Zhezkazgan Жезқазған Dzhezkazgan 1954 89200 107053 103400 112154 3 Karagandy Province
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Karagandy Қарағанды 1934 571877 507318 436864 451800 2 Karagandy Province
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Kentau Кентау 1955 62991 63784 58100 60799 4 South Kazakhstan Province
Kyzylorda coat-of-arms.png
Kyzylorda Қызылорда 1867 156128 150425 157364 182929 2 Kyzylorda Province
Kokshetau seal.png
Kokshetau Көкшетау Kokchetav 1862 103162 135424 123389 132753 2 Akmola Province
Kostanay city seal.gif
Kostanay Қостанай Kustanay 1893 164500 223558 221429 249395 2 Kostanay Province
Zhanaozen Жаңаөзен Noviy Uzen' 1968 34000 48300 51100 60796 3 Mangystau Province
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Pavlodar Павлодар 1861 272895 329681 320400 354809 2 Pavlodar Province
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Petropavl Петропавл Petropavlovsk 1807 206559 239606 216300 208547 2 North Kazakhstan Province
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Ridder Риддер 1934 68135 68730 56269 54252 3 East Kazakhstan Province
Saran Сараң 1954 54878 63900 48500 49082 3 Karagandy Province
Coats of arms of Satpayev.PNG
Satpayev Сәтбаев 1973 48700 59343 62900 73874 3 Karagandy Province
Semey Seal.png
Semey Семей Alash-kala, Semipalatinsk 1782 282574 317112 292500 312136 3 East Kazakhstan Province
Stepnogorsk Степногорск 1964 46700 63300 50900 47705 3 Akmola Province
Taldykorgan seal.png
Taldykorgan Талдықорған 1944 87948 118623 107100 114728 2 Almaty Province
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Taraz Тараз Talas, Zhambyl, Aulie-Ata ancient 263793 303961 330125 398233 2 Jambyl Province
Coat of arms of Temirtau.svg
Temirtau Теміртау 1945 213026 213551 181800 179520 3 Karagandy Province
Turkistan Түркістан ancient 66741 77692 87600 109673 3 South Kazakhstan Province
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Oral Орал Uralsk 1613 167352 199522 212900 255489 2 West Kazakhstan Province
Oskemen seal.jpg
Oskemen Өскемен Ust'-Kamenogorsk 1868 274287 322221 310950 344421 2 East Kazakhstan Province
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Shymkent Шымкент Chimkent middle ages 321535 380091 390200 454583 2 South Kazakhstan Province
Coat of arms of Shahtinsk.png
Shahtinsk Шахтинск 1961 50382 65600 54800 54748 3 Karagandy Province
Shuchinsk Щучинск 1939 55500 47900 50128 4 Akmola Province
Ekibastuz seal.png
Ekibastuz Екібастуз 1957 65871 135006 137200 158165 3 Pavlodar Province