List of extinct volcanos

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View of the extinct volcano Ashitakayama, woodblock print by Hiroshige

List of extinct volcanos includes volcanos which scientists consider unlikely to erupt again.[1] A volcano which has not erupted in the past 10,000 years is extinct.[2]

The extinct volcano no longer has a lava supply. An extinct volcano is no longer near an active geologic hot spot.[3]

Edinburgh Castle in Scotland is located atop an extinct volcano.[4]

Whether a volcano is truly extinct is often difficult to determine. A caldera that has not produced an eruption in tens of thousands of years is likely to be considered inactive.[5]

Lists[change | change source]

Volcanologists sometimes can't tell whether volcano is extinct or dormant. There are many examples of extinct volcanoes.

This list is not finished; you can help Wikipedia by adding to it.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. The plural of volcano can be either volcanos or volcanoes. Both are equally correct, and it is not a matter of British vs US spelling. Oxford English Dictionary. Spelling in any particular Simple page tries to be consistent.
  2. Ball, Jessica. "Voices: Dead or alive ... or neither? Why a dormant volcano is not a dead one," Earth Magazine (American Geosciences Institute). September 8, 2010; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  3. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, "Life-cycle of Hawaiian hot spot volcanoes"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  4. University of Edinburgh, "Holyrood Park Geology"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  5. Some volcanologists have described to extinct volcanoes as "inactive", however, the term is now more commonly used for dormant volcanos which were once thought to be extinct.
  6. Chamberlina, Basil Hall. (1901). A Handbook for Travellers in Japan, p. 170; Shizuoka Guide, "Overview of Mt Fuji; retrieved 2012-6-21.
  7. Tarduno, John A. "Hotspots Unplugged," Scientific American. January 2009; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  8. BBC, "On This Day, 11 January 1962: Thousands killed in Peru landslide"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  9. Kobayashi, K. "Origin of the Palau and Yap trench-arc systems," Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 157, Issue 7, p. 1306.
  10. City of Ballarat, "Mt Buninyong Scenic Reserve"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  11. (Dutch) Vpro.nl, "Vulkaan in Nederland"; excerpt, Twaalf miljoen jaar later doofde de zuidwalvulkaan uit .... (Twelve million years later, the Zuidwal volcano was extinct ...); retrieved 2012-6-14.