Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy

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Louis
Duke of Burgundy
Louis after Joseph Vivien
Dauphin of France
tenure 14 April 1711 – 18 February 1712
Spouse Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
Issue
Louis, Duke of Brittany
Louis XV of France
Full name
Louis de France
House Bourbon
Father Louis, Grand Dauphin
Mother Marie Anne Victoire of Bavaria
Born 16 August 1682(1682-08-16)
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 18 February 1712(1712-02-18) (aged 29)
Château de Marly, Marly, France
Burial 23 February 1712
Basilica of St Denis, France
Signature

Louis of France (16 August 1682 – 18 February 1712) was the eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France, known as le Grand Dauphin and, as such, was known as le Petit Dauphin. He became Dauphin of France upon his father's death in 1711.

Biography[change | change source]

Arms as Duke of Burgundy
Arms as Dauphin

Louis de France was born in the Palace of Versailles, the eldest son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and his wife Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. At birth, he received the title of Duke of Burgundy.

Louis grew up with his younger brothers; Philippe, Duke of Anjou and Charles, Duke of Berry.

At the age of 15, he married his second cousin, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, the daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy and Anne Marie d'Orléans. This match had been decided as part of the Treaty of Turin, which ended Franco-Savoyard conflicts during the Nine Years' War. The marriage took place on 7 December 1697 at the Palace of Versailles. The two were in love with one another, a rarity at the court of Versailles.

Louis became Dauphin of France upon the death of his father in 1711.

In February 1712, his wife contracted measles and died on the 12th of that month.

The Duke of Burgundy, who dearly loved his wife and who had stayed by her side throughout the fatal illness, contracted the disease and died on 18 February, six days after her at the Château de Marly. Both of his sons also became infected, the eldest, Louis, Duke of Brittany, the latest in a series of Dauphins, succumbed to it on 8 March. The only one to survive was the two-year old Duke of Anjou, the future King Louis XV of France.

Children[change | change source]

  1. Louis of France, Duke of Brittany (25 June 1704 – 13 April 1705) died of convulsions;
  2. Louis of France, Duke of Brittany (8 January 1707 – 8 March 1712) died of measles;
  3. Louis XV of France (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774) first engaged to Mariana Victoria of Spain; married Marie Leszczyńska and had issue; died of smallpox.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 16 August 1682 – 14 April 1711 His Royal Highness The Duke of Burgundy
  • 14 April 1711 – 18 February 1712 His Royal Highness The Dauphin of France

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Louis, Duke of Burgundy at Wikimedia Commons