Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans

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Louis Philippe d'Orléans
Duke of Orléans
Louis Philippe by a member of the French school
Spouse Louise Henriette de Bourbon
Charlotte Béraud de La Haye de Riou
Issue
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Bathilde, Duchess of Bourbon
Full name
Louis Philippe d'Orléans
Father Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
Mother Johanna of Baden-Baden
Born 12 May 1725(1725-05-12)
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 18 November 1785(1785-11-18) (aged 60)
Château de Sainte-Assise à Seine-Port, France
Burial Val-de-Grâce, Paris
Signature

Louis Philippe d'Orléans (12 May 1725 – 18 November 1785) was Duke of Orléans and the father of Philippe Égalité. He greatly augmented the already huge wealth of the House of Orléans.

Biography[change | edit source]

Louis Philippe d'Orléans was born at the Palace of Versailles on 12 May 1725. As the only son of Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and his wife Johanna of Baden-Baden.

First marriage[change | edit source]

In 1743, his paternal grandmother, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon the formidable Dowager Duchess of Orléans, and Louise Élisabeth, Dowager Princess of Conti arranged his marriage to his seventeen-year old cousin, Louise Henriette de Bourbon. The couple was married on 17 December 1743 at Versailles.

After a few months of a passion that surprised everyone at court, the couple started to drift apart as the young Duchess of Chartres began to lead a scandalous life.

Étiennette Le Marquis[change | edit source]

After the death of Louise Henriette on 9 February 1759, Louis Philippe took as his mistress Étiennette Le Marquis, a former dancer who liked to act in comedy plays, and who introduced him into the world of the theater. Louis Philippe had three children with Étiennette, they were raised under the care of the Orléans family:

  • Louis Étienne d'Orléans, (21 January 1759 – 24 July 1825), Count-abbé of Saint-Phar
  • Louis Philippe d'Orléans, (7 July 1761 – 13 June 1829), Count-abbé of Saint-Albin,
  • Marie Étiennette Perrine d'Auvilliers, (7 July 1761 - ?), who married François-Constantin, Count of Brossard, a dragon regiment officer.

Second marriage[change | edit source]

In spite of his liaison with Étiennette, Louis Philippe had several other mistresses until he met, in July 1766, Charlotte Jeanne Béraud de La Haye de Riou, Madame de Montesson, a witty but married twenty-eight year old. After the death of the Marquis of Montesson in 1769, Louis Philippe tried to obtain Louis XV's authorisation to marry the young widow. Finally, in December 1772, the King gave his consent on the condition that the Marquise of Montesson would never become Duchess of Orléans or succeed to any other Orléans titles. In addition, the couple was to live a quiet life away from the court. The morganatic wedding took place on 23 April 1773.

Later life[change | edit source]

Surrounded by all the members of his immediate family, even his three children by Etiennette Le Marquis, Louis-Philippe died on 18 November 1785, at Sainte-Assise at the age of sixty. He was buried at the Val-de-Grâce convent in Paris, built by his ancestor Anne of Austria to celebrate the birth of Louis XIV of France, Louis Philippe's great grandfather.

Children[change | edit source]