An artist's picture of MESSENGER orbiting Mercury
|Organization:||NASA / APL|
|Mission type:||Flyby / Orbiter|
|Launch date:||August 3, 2004|
|Launch vehicle:||Boeing Delta II|
|Launch site:||Cape Canaveral Air Force Station|
MESSENGER, MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging, is an unmanned NASA and APL spacecraft. It is currently orbiting and studying the planet Mercury. It was launched on August 3, 2004 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It was aboard a Boeing Delta II rocket. After launch, the probe did several fly-bys and deep space manoeuvres to gain the right trajectory and speed. Finally, on March 18, 2011, MESSENGER began to orbit Mercury.
- How it Works (Imagine Publishing) (23): 48-49, 2011-07-14
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- Murchie, Scott L.; Vervack Jr., Ronald J.; Anderson, Brian J. (March 2011), "Journey to the Innermost Planet", Scientific American (New York) 304 (3): 26-31